CLEVELAND (TDB) -- An Ohio plant that processes animal carcasses into protein used for cattle feed agreed to comply with Food and Drug Administration rules designed to lessen the risk of MAD COW DISEASE reaching American beef consumers. The plant, located in rural Holmes County, produces about 2 million pounds of protein meal per month. Some 90% is shipped outside Ohio, mostly to agricultural food brokers who sell to farmers and ranchers.
A federal lawsuit filed last week in Cleveland said poultry meal "that contains or may contain protein derived from mammalian tissues" was sold and did not contain proper cautionary statements. Scientists think protein from mammals can cause Mad Cow.
"These violations continued despite verbal and written reports from the FDA, as well as a formal warning letter in 2005 alerting defendants of the violations and demanding compliance. The warning letter stated that 'failure to promptly correct these violations may result in regulatory action, such as seizure and or/injunction, without further notice,'" said the lawsuit, which was handled by Joel D. Schwartz, a trial attorney with the Justice Department's office of consumer litigation in Washington.
The FDA has now obtained a permanent injunction. A consent decree filed in Cleveland federal court requires the company to follow the rules.
Mad Cow is a terrible disease, and an OUTBREAK could damage the U.S. beef industry, which is a major pillar of the farm and export economy. Worse, it would ruin lives, because there is no cure as a human victim's brain is destroyed. Mad Cow played havoc with Britain, and led to the U.S. to adopt rules governing how cattle feed is processed.
To prevent the outbreak and spread of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), the formal scientific name for Mad Cow, the FDA promulgated regulations prohibiting the use of most mammalian protein in the manufacture of animal feeds given to farm animals such as cows, sheep and goats. Scientists believe there are forms of BSE that can pass from animals to people, and they cause progressive degeneration of the brain and central nervous system.
BSE is a fatal neurological disease in cattle. It has been linked to Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease, which also is usually fatal. Researchers believe that a variant of Creutzfeld-Jakob can be caused by eating meat from BSE-afflicted animals.
In its lawsuit against the Ohio meal processor, the government said the "regulation requires renderers that choose to produce both mammalian and non-mammalian protein products" take steps to ensure that there is no crossover or mixing. Poultry products are not considered a hazard for Mad Cow.